Fruits

I realized after I had already inserted the tomato, strawberry, and apple that they couldn’t be cultivated so I added some extra fruits.

Berry/drupe

This fruit is a wine grape, Vitis vinifera, from the family Vitaceae. While most grapes are considered berries, I would consider this one a drupe because it has a very hard seed(s) in its interior. I would consider this to have a catkin inflorescence. This fruit is right outside of my apartment on Indianola avenue on a power line.

The berry that I have identified is a tomato! These tomatoes are growing in the garden behind my house in Thornville, Ohio. I was lucky to be able to take the picture of this berry before my dog took it off the vine and gobbled it right up (he enjoys a nice tomato snack). I included the cute little grape tomatoes that we also grow. I believe the inflorescence of the tomatoes in my garden are cyme because the tips of the plant are dying first (as seen on the picture of the grape tomato plant). The scientific name is Solanum lycopersicum,  from the family Solanales.

Nut

This nut is an acorn from a red maple, Quercus rubra. I would consider its inflorescence to be a catkin. It’s in the family Fabaceae. It was located on 16th avenue in Columbus, Ohio.

Capsule

The capsule that I have picked is from a Sweetgum tree, Liquidambar styraciflua. It is from the Altingiaceae family. This on is the yard of the elementary school on 16th Avenue. I would consider this to be solitary inflorescence.

Pome

The example of the pome here is an oddly mishapen plump apple. This is a green apple that is growing in my front yard, which is in Thornville, Ohio. Each year we hope that we will get enough good apples to make a pie or some other dessert, but as you can see in the picture, there are not very many apple produced each year. I would consider this apple tree to be racemic, but this one is kind of hard to tell because it doesn’t appear that any of the buds on tree look older than any of the other ones. This one is a paradise apple, Malus pumila, of the family Rosaceae.

Samara

This samara is from a maple tree that is located right down the road from my apartment at the intersection of 14th avenue and Indianola. I would consider these to be solitary, although the fruits appear to be growing in clusters in sets of 2. This specific tree is a Trident maple, or Acer buergerianum. It is a member of the Sapindaceae family.

Aggregate/Accessory

The last example of a fruit is the very delicious strawberry! This one is in the small garden that is located behind my house in Thornville, Ohio. This garden strawberry is Fragaria ananassa, in the family Rosaceae. I would consider this plant to be a raceme because the newer. buds are towards the end of the plant.

 

Flowers

Asteraceae

This flowering weed was found growing in front of my house in Thornville, Ohio. It is named Erigeron strigosus, or prairie fleabane. This little weed has radial symmetry. The inflorescence type would have to be a  head that look like a single flower. Each flowerhead has 40-100 ray florets that are around many smaller disk florets. The petals are five-lobed. These are unique because they have both ray and disk flowers. The ray flower petals are all separate and numerous. These flowers are unicarpellate and epigynous.

Sources: 1, 

Fabaceae

This is common white clover, Trifolium repens. It was growing outside behind a friends house on 13th avenue close to high street in the grass. When these flowers are in full bloom, they have radial symmetry. I would consider this one an umbel capitulum of a bunch of smaller flowers. They have a unicarpellate gynoecium. They have 5 fused sepals, and 5 mostly separate petals. These are perigynous. They have 10 stamens.

Source: 1, 2

Caprifoliaceae

These flowers are Dipsacus laciniatus, Cutleaf teasel, and it is a member of the Caprifoliaceae family. These were found on the Olentangy River Trail right beside of Morrell Tower. These flowers are actinomorphic. This inflorescence would also appear to be a capitulum. These are epigynous and have numerous small florets on each head. They are syncarpous, with carpels fused together. The  5 petals are small and fused together to form a small cup. The flowers are dicots.

Source 1,

Ranunculaceae

This last pretty white collection is Clematis virginiana, a member of the Ranunculaceae family. It is also called Devil’s darning needles. This one was also found over on the Olentangy River Trail by Morrell Tower. These flowers also have radial symmetry. This plant is considered a panicle. This one has an apocarpous gynoecium. The sepals are separate, with numerous stamens that are spirally inserted. There are four sepals on this particular species. This species is hypogynous. The sepals are white and the branch out in four directions, like a cross. This species has no petals.

Source: the class handout that was from “Guide to Flowering Plant Families” by Wendy B Zomlefer.  1